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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Syed Zaidi Aug. 2, 2023 #ADHD

Understanding ADHD

ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults. It is characterized by core symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can have a significant impact on academic and social functioning.

ADHD - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Core Symptoms

The core symptoms of ADHD include:

  • Inattention: Difficulty focusing attention, leading to poor concentration and easy distractibility.
  • Hyperactivity: Excessive levels of activity and restlessness, difficulty sitting still.
  • Impulsivity: Acting without thinking, making decisions without considering the consequences.

These symptoms may vary in severity and can be more pronounced in certain situations.

ADHD is a lifelong condition that can persist into adulthood. However, symptoms may change or manifest differently as individuals grow older.


The exact causes of ADHD are not fully understood but research suggests a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors. Genetic factors, environmental factors (such as exposure to toxins during pregnancy), and neurological differences in brain structure and functioning have all been implicated in the development of ADHD.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing it involves a comprehensive assessment that considers the presence and persistence of symptoms across different settings. Treatment typically involves a multimodal approach that combines behavioral interventions, psychoeducation, and medication.

Behavioral Interventions

Behavioral interventions focus on teaching skills and strategies to manage ADHD symptoms and improve daily functioning. This may include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to change negative thought patterns and behaviors, as well as creating structured routines and environments.


Psychoeducation involves educating individuals with ADHD, their families, and support networks about the condition and its impact. This helps individuals develop a better understanding of their symptoms and strategies to manage them, while also providing guidance to families and support networks on how to provide appropriate support.


Medication can be prescribed to manage the symptoms, with stimulant medications being commonly used. Medication should be used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan that includes behavioral interventions and psychoeducation.

Improving Quality of Life

The goal of ADHD treatment is to improve overall functioning and quality of life. With the right support and strategies, individuals suffering from it can thrive academically, socially, and personally.